The Geography of Torit Diocese

Torit Diocese lies in an area that has scattered hills separated by extensive flatlands and valleys. The highest are the Imotong Mountains, which form a mountain range along the Sudan-Uganda boundary. Others are the Ikotos, Didinga, Kimotong and Lopit hills. In the eastern part of the State are the undulating Kapoeta plains of average 500 meters altitude. These plains link with the Loronyo flood plains in the north west of the state.  The latter plains drain the Katire and Hos rivers, which originate from the Imotong mountain range. Other perennial rivers are those from the Imotong mountains westwards through Magwi County to the river Nile.

Besides the Imotong mountains, the other prominent feature is the giant 30 km to 40 kms wide and about 200 km long Kidepo Valley, which stretches from Uganda and dissects the EES to Jonglei State. This is the one landmark, which has profound influence on the livelihood of eight communities who claim a share of the valley and is the center of frequent and violent ethnic conflicts due to the control over and access to natural resources.

Although commonly regarded as lying in the east bank, EES does not border the giant river Nile.  Instead it is separated by a thin strip of Juba County. Only a small stretch of Magwi County shares the river Nile at Nimule town.

The State experiences six-month unimodal rainy period, which promotes a flush evergreen belt? The rains prevail from April to November and have an annual average of 1,500 mm in the hills and 750 mm in the lowlands. The vegetation ranges from equatorial dense forests in the mountains through wooded savannah grasslands to semi arid to arid scrubland in the north and northeast.  The soils are sand loams in the higher ground and black cotton soils in the lowlands. The former are well drained while the latter are often water logged and difficult to till during wet season.